According to the UN in 2008 to 50% of world population and 80% of Western populationlived in cities. Currently, cities are responsible for 80% of total energy consumption and more than 60% of greenhouse gas emissions on the planet. According to a study conducted by the multinational company Nestlé, water demand will exceed supply by 40% in 2030 and arable land will be insufficient to cover the food needs of 3,000 million new people to inhabitthe Earth in 2050. This socio-economic environment will be a constant source of opportunities as they present.
Vertical Farming and the concept of constructive modules on greenhouses and buildings has a direct relation to the above and provides a substantial change in the model ofsustainable and decentralized supply of the cities of the future. The food supply should be seen as an integrated water cycle, energy and nutrients in the urban environment. In contrast the traditional model of food production today, the model Vertical Farming presentsan innovative solution in thermal management and CO2 in buildings, in combination with a change in the food production chain, entering a local scale, sustainable, where transport needs can be dramatically reduced to produce in the city or live on its perimeter.